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Electronic Design
About smt design to determine surface mount components
Electronic Design
About smt design to determine surface mount components

About smt design to determine surface mount components


In the design and assembly process of smt products, the selection and design of SMT surface mount components is a very important key link. Therefore, the electrical performance and functions of the components must be determined in detail at the initial stage of the design. At the design stage, it is required to determine the packaging form and structure of surface mount components. Surface-mounted solder joints are both mechanical connection points and electrical connection points. A reasonable choice will have a decisive impact on improving PCB design density, productivity, testability and reliability.

There is no difference in function between surface-mounted components and plug-in components. The difference lies in the packaging of the components. Surface-mounted packages must withstand high milk temperatures during soldering, and their components and substrates must have matching thermal expansion coefficients. These factors must be fully considered in product design.

1. Selection of surface mount components

Surface mount components are divided into two categories: active and passive. According to the shape of the pin, it is divided into gull wing type and "J" type. The following describes the selection of components in this category.

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1. Passive components

Passive devices mainly include monolithic ceramic capacitors, tantalum capacitors, and thick film resistors, with a rectangular or cylindrical shape. Cylindrical passive components are called "MELF". They are prone to rolling when reflow soldering. Special pad design is required and should generally be avoided. Rectangular passive components are called "CHIP" chip components. They are small in size, light in weight, antimicrobial impact and shock resistance, and low parasitic loss. They are widely used in various electronic products. In order to obtain good solderability, the electroplating of the nickel barrier layer must be selected.

2. Active devices

There are two main types of surface mount chip carriers: ceramics and plastics.

The advantages of ceramic chip packaging are:

1) Good air tightness and good protection for the internal structure

2) The signal path is shorter, and the parasitic parameters, noise, and delay characteristics are significantly improved

3) Reduce power consumption. The disadvantage is that because the leadless absorbs the stress generated when the solder paste melts, the CTE mismatch between the package and the substrate can cause solder joints to crack during soldering.

The most commonly used ceramic wafer carrier is the leadless ceramic wafer carrier LCCC.

Plastic packaging is widely used in the production of military and civilian products, and has a good cost performance. Its packaging forms are divided into: small outline transistor SOT; small outline integrated circuit SOIC; plastic package leaded chip carrier PLCC; small outline J package; plastic flat package PQFP.

In order to effectively reduce the PCB area, SOIC with less than 20 pins, PLCC with 20-84 pins, and PQFP with more than 84 pins are preferred when the device functions and performance are the same.

2. Choose the right package, the main advantages are as follows:

1. Effectively save PCB circuit board area;

2. Provide better electrical performance;

3. Protect the interior of the components from humidity and other environmental influences;

4. Provide good communication links;

5. Help dissipate heat and provide convenience for transmission and testing.