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Summary of Difficulties in Proofing Production of Multilayer Circuit Boards

Summary of Difficulties in Proofing Production of Multilayer Circuit Boards

In the circuit board industry, multi-layer circuit boards (high-precision PCB multi-layer boards) are generally defined as 4 layers-20 layers or more called multi-layer circuit boards, which are more difficult to process than traditional multi-layer circuit boards, and their quality is reliable. High requirements, mainly used in communication equipment, industrial control, security, high-end servers, medical electronics, aviation, military and other fields. In recent years, the market demand for high-level PCB boards in applications such as communications, base stations, aviation, and military has remained strong. With the rapid development of China's telecommunications equipment market, the market prospects for high-level PCB boards have been promising.

At present, the domestic high-level circuit board manufacturers capable of circuit board proofing production mainly come from foreign-funded enterprises or a few domestic-funded enterprises. The production of high-level circuit boards not only requires high technology and equipment investment, but also requires the accumulation of experience of technicians and production personnel. At the same time, the import of PCB multi-layer circuit boards has strict and cumbersome customer certification procedures. Therefore, the barriers for multi-layer circuit board proofing to enter the enterprise are relatively high. High, the realization of industrialized production cycle is longer.

The average number of layers of PCB multi-layer boards has become an important technical indicator to measure the technical level and product structure of PCB companies. This article briefly describes the main processing difficulties encountered in the production of multi-layer circuit board proofing, and introduces the control points of the key production process of high-level circuit boards for your reference.

1. Difficulties in the production of main circuit boards

Compared with the characteristics of conventional circuit boards, high-level circuit boards have the characteristics of thicker PCB boards, more layers, denser lines and vias, larger unit sizes, thinner dielectric layers, etc., inner layer space and interlayer alignment. , Impedance control and reliability requirements are more stringent.

 1. Difficulties in alignment between layers

Due to the large number of high-level PCB layers, the customer design side has more and more stringent requirements for the alignment of each layer of the PCB. Usually, the alignment tolerance between layers is controlled at ±75μm. Considering the high-level board unit size design and the ambient temperature and humidity of the graphics transfer workshop , And factors such as misalignment and superposition caused by inconsistency of expansion and contraction of different core layers, interlayer positioning methods, etc., make it more difficult to control the alignment of high-rise boards.

 2. Difficulties in making inner circuit

PCB high-level circuit boards use special materials such as high TG, high speed, high frequency, thick copper, thin dielectric layer, etc., which puts forward high requirements for the production of inner circuit and pattern size control, such as the integrity of impedance signal transmission, which increases the production of inner circuit Difficulty. Small line width and line spacing, more open and short circuits, more short circuits, and low pass rate; more fine line signal layers, the probability of missing AOI detection in the inner layer is increased; the inner core plate is thinner, which is easy to wrinkle and cause poor exposure and etching It is easy to roll the board when passing the machine. Most of the multi-layer circuit boards are system boards, and the unit size is relatively large. The cost of scrapping the finished product is relatively high.

   3. Difficulties in pressing and making

Multiple PCB inner-layer core boards and prepregs are superimposed, and defects such as slippage, delamination, resin voids and bubble residues are prone to occur during lamination production. When designing the laminated structure, it is necessary to fully consider the heat resistance of the material, withstand voltage, the amount of glue and the thickness of the medium, and set a reasonable PCB high-level circuit board pressing program. There are many layers, and the amount of expansion and contraction control and the compensation of the size factor cannot be kept consistent; the thin interlayer insulation layer can easily lead to the failure of the interlayer reliability test.

Summary of Difficulties in Proofing Production of Multilayer Circuit Boards

 4. Difficulties in drilling drilling

The use of high-TG, high-speed, high-frequency, and thick copper special plates increases the difficulty of drilling roughness, drilling burrs and de-drilling. There are many layers, the cumulative total copper thickness and the plate thickness, the drilling is easy to break the knife; the dense BGA is many, the CAF failure problem caused by the narrow hole wall spacing; the plate thickness is easy to cause the inclined drilling problem.

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