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China's PCB industry is large but not strong, and the market size of the printed circuit board industry is analyzed
2021-09-12
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Author:Frank

Over the past ten years, global PCBs have continued to migrate to Asia, especially mainland China, and mainland China has quickly become a major producer of electronic products and PCBs. Due to the potential of the domestic market and manufacturing advantages, China has attracted foreign investment, prompting the PCB industry in mainland China to grow by multiples in just a few years. As my country has the advantages of strong market demand for terminal products and relatively low production and manufacturing costs, as well as the country’s investment policy in the transformation and upgrading of basic industries, it has stimulated the development of the domestic PCB industry. There are more than a thousand PCB manufacturing companies alone. In a state of perfect competition. The Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta are areas where domestic electronic technology products are more developed, and they are also the birthplaces of IT and PCB. They enjoy unique advantages in terms of geography, talents, and economic environment, and are currently in the stage of industrial upgrading. PCB mid- and low-end products are gradually shifting to other regions in the mainland, while high-end products and high value-added products continue to be concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. In the future, the domestic PCB industry is likely to form a two-hour economy with the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta as high-end PCB manufacturing and equipment and materials research and development bases; the Yangtze River, including Chongqing, Sichuan, Hubei, Anhui and other top 500 electronics companies in the world as the leading two-hour economy Industrial belt; the Bohai Bay Economic Circle led by northern Dalian; and the industrial structure of the Northwest Guangdong Processing Zone after the opening of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge. In 2014, the asset scale of China's printed circuit board industry was 270.7 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8% year-on-year; in 2015, the asset scale of China's printed circuit board industry was 286.482 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8% year-on-year; in 2016, the asset scale of China's printed circuit board industry was 301.379 billion Yuan, an increase of 5.2% year-on-year.

A printed circuit board

pcb product

Although China has become an undoubtedly big country in the global PCB industry, the PCB industry has not formed a complete industrial chain, which has caused the dilemma of China's PCB industry being large but not strong. China's PCB output value is the world's first, and the number of companies is also the world's largest. However, key supporting industries such as equipment, instruments and raw and auxiliary materials required for production are underdeveloped. Although low-end equipment can replace imports, high-end equipment and testing instruments , Such as mechanical drilling, laser drilling and optical testing equipment, as well as the main materials required for PCB production have been monopolized by foreign countries, and the self-sufficiency rate is low. Vigorously developing the PCB supporting industry will become the focus of the development of China's national PCB industry in the future.

A few years ago, Chinese mobile phone manufacturers only assembled their components, technologies, and brands from abroad. Now, due to supply-side optimization, the Chinese mobile phone industry has formed a good supply chain and a very sound ecosystem. , From the research and development of the chip, to the supply of the panel, to the laser engraving of the mobile phone case, there is a full set of things. This will produce the Matthew effect, and the effect will become larger and larger, thereby attracting panel manufacturers, semiconductor manufacturers and related factories to invest in expansion, and it will also bring countless opportunities to the PCB industry.

1. Analysis of enterprise quantity structure

Companies in the printed circuit board industry are divided into three levels: high, medium, and low. The medium and high-end are dominated by foreign capital, Hong Kong capital, Taiwanese capital, and a small number of state-owned enterprises. Domestic companies are at a disadvantage in terms of capital and technology. Low-end refers to small factories with irregular operations. Due to the low investment in equipment and environmental protection, they have formed a cost advantage. At the mid-end level, a intensive situation of manufacturers is formed, and the competition is more intense. The overall scale of printed circuit board enterprises is dominated by foreign-funded enterprises. Whether it is investment scale, production technology, and output value, foreign-funded enterprises are stronger than general state-owned enterprises and collective enterprises.

In 2016, there were nearly 1,880 PCB companies in China (excluding Taiwan and Hong Kong). In terms of geographic location, my country's printed circuit board companies are currently relatively concentrated, mainly in the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and the Bohai Rim.

2. Analysis of personnel scale

Most of the manufacturers of printed circuit boards in my country are concentrated in the Pearl River Delta. More than 1,000 corporate manufacturing centers are located in the Pearl River Delta, and more than 200,000 people are engaged in printed circuit board work.

3. Industry asset scale analysis

In 2014, the asset scale of China's printed circuit board industry was 270.7 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8% year-on-year; in 2015, the asset scale of China's printed circuit board industry was 286.482 billion yuan, an increase of 5.8% year-on-year; in 2016, the asset scale of China's printed circuit board industry was 301.379 billion Yuan, an increase of 5.2% year-on-year.