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Precautions for PCB manufacturers to use dry film
PCB News
Precautions for PCB manufacturers to use dry film

Precautions for PCB manufacturers to use dry film

2021-10-18
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Author:Aure

Precautions for PCB manufacturers to use dry film


With the rapid development of the electronics industry, the wiring of PCB boards is becoming more and more precise. Many PCB manufacturers use dry film to complete graphics transfer, and the use of dry film is becoming more and more popular. However, in the process of after-sales service, I still I have encountered many misunderstandings in the use of dry film by many customers, and I have summarized them for reference.


   1. The pcb board has holes in the dry film mask

Many customers believe that after a hole occurs, the film temperature and pressure should be increased to enhance its bonding force. In fact, this view is incorrect, because the solvent of the resist layer will evaporate excessively after the temperature and pressure are too high, which will cause dryness. The film becomes brittle and thinner, and the holes are easily broken during development. We must always maintain the toughness of the dry film. Therefore, after the holes appear, we can make improvements from the following points:


PCB manufacturers



   1. Reduce the temperature and pressure of the film;

  2. Improve drilling and piercing;

  3. Increase exposure energy;

   4. Reduce developing pressure;

  5. Do not stretch the dry film too tightly during the filming process;

   6. After sticking the film, the parking time should not be too long, so as not to cause the semi-fluid yao film in the corner to spread and thin under the action of pressure.

   Two, the pcb board appears to seep during dry film electroplating

  The reason for the permeation is that the dry film and the copper clad board are not firmly bonded, so that the plating solution is deep, and the "negative phase" part of the plating layer becomes thicker. The permeation of most PCB manufacturers is caused by the following points:

   1. Exposure energy is high or low

   Under ultraviolet light irradiation, the photoinitiator that has absorbed the light energy decomposes into free radicals to initiate a photopolymerization reaction to form a body-shaped molecule that is insoluble in a dilute alkali solution. When the exposure is insufficient, due to incomplete polymerization, the film swells and becomes soft during the development process, resulting in unclear lines and even film peeling, resulting in poor bonding between the film and the copper; if the exposure is overexposed, it will cause development difficulties and also during the electroplating process. Warping and peeling occurred during the process, forming penetration plating. Therefore, it is very important to control the exposure energy.

   2. The film pressure is too high or low

When the film pressure is too low, it may cause uneven film surface or gaps between the dry film and the copper plate and fail to meet the requirements of the bonding force; if the film pressure is too high, the solvent and volatile components of the resist layer will volatilize too much, causing The dry film becomes brittle and will be lifted and peeled after electroplating electric shock.

   3. The film temperature is too high or low

If the film temperature is too low, the resist film cannot be sufficiently softened and flowed properly, resulting in poor adhesion between the dry film and the copper clad laminate surface; if the temperature is too high, the solvent and other volatility in the resist The rapid volatilization of the substance produces bubbles, and the dry film becomes brittle, causing warping and peeling during electroplating electric shock, resulting in infiltration.