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Four main links in the PCBA production process
Four main links in the PCBA production process

Four main links in the PCBA production process


Four main links in the PCBA production process

If you want to achieve multi-function operation on a small circuit board at the same time, it is impossible to complete it with a bare PCB. The bare board needs to be mounted, plug-in and soldered. This step-by-step process is Call it PCBA. This article will introduce the various processes of PCBA production! Come and take a look!

In terms of technology, the PCBA process can be roughly divided into four main links, namely: SMT patch processing → DIP plug-in processing → PCBA testing → finished product assembly.

Four main links in the PCBA production process

1. SMT patch processing link
      The SMT patch processing link generally matches the purchase of components according to the BOM configuration list provided by the customer, and confirms the PMC plan for production. After the preparatory work is completed, SMT programming is started, laser stencil is made according to the SMT process, and solder paste printing is performed.
      Through the SMT placement machine, the components are mounted on the circuit board, and if necessary, online AOI automatic optical inspection is performed. After testing, set a perfect reflow oven temperature curve to let the circuit board flow through the reflow soldering.
      After the necessary IPQC inspection, the DIP plug-in process can be used to pass the plug-in material through the circuit board, and then flow through wave soldering for soldering. Next is the necessary post-furnace process.
      After the above procedures are completed, a comprehensive QA inspection is required to ensure that the product quality is passed.

2. DIP plug-in processing link
      The process of DIP plug-in processing is: plug-in→wave soldering→cutting feet→post-welding processing→washing board→quality inspection

Three, PCBA test
      PCBA testing is the most critical quality control link in the entire PCBA processing process. It is necessary to strictly follow the PCBA test standards and test the test points of the circuit board in accordance with the customer's test plan (Test Plan).

      PCBA testing also includes five main forms: ICT testing, FCT testing, aging testing, fatigue testing, and testing under harsh environments.

Fourth, finished product assembly
      The PCBA board with the test OK is assembled on the shell, and then tested, and finally it can be shipped.
      PCBA production is one link after another. Any problem in any link will have a very large impact on the overall quality, and every process needs to be strictly controlled.

      The above is about the four main links of PCBA process production. Each major link is assisted by countless small links. Each small link will have one or some test procedures to ensure product quality and avoid outflow of unqualified products. .

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