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PCBA Tech

PCBA Tech

SMT component removal skills
2021-09-05
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Author:Aure

SMT component removal skills

Generally speaking, it is not so easy to remove smt chip processing components quickly without damaging the components. It needs constant and frequent practice to master it, otherwise, it is easy to damage the components. The following is an introduction to SMT component disassembly techniques.


1. For components with few smd components, such as resistors, capacitors, diodes, transistors, etc., first plate tin on one of the pads on the PCB board, and then use tweezers to hold the component to the mounting position and hold it against the circuit board with your left hand. Use a soldering iron to solder the pins on the tin-plated pad with your right hand. The left-hand tweezers can be loosened, and solder the remaining feet with tin wire instead. If you want to disassemble this kind of component, it is easy, just use a soldering iron to heat both ends of the component at the same time, and then gently lift the component after the tin is melted.


SMT component removal skills

2. For components with more pins for smt chip processing, and chip components with wider spacing, a similar method is used. First, tin plate on one pad, and then use tweezers to clamp the component with the left hand to solder one foot OK, then use tin wire to solder the remaining feet. The disassembly of this type of component is generally better with a hot air gun. One hand holds the hot air gun to blow the solder, and the other hand uses tweezers and other fixtures to remove the component while the solder is melting.

3. For components with higher pin density, the soldering steps are similar, that is, solder one pin first, and then solder the remaining pins with tin wire. The number of pins is relatively large and dense, and the alignment of the pins and the pads is the key. Usually choose the soldering pads on the corners with only a little tin plated. Use tweezers or hands to align the components with the soldering pads, align the edges with pins, press the components on the PCB with a little force, and solder them with a soldering iron. The corresponding pins of the disk are soldered well. Do not shake the circuit board vigorously, but gently rotate it, and solder the pins on the remaining corners first. After the four corners are soldered, the component will basically not move, solder the remaining pins one by one. When soldering, apply some pine perfume first, with a small amount of tin on the head of the soldering iron, and solder one pin at a time.

Finally, it is recommended that the disassembly of high-pin-density components mainly use a hot air gun, clamp the components with tweezers, blow all the pins back and forth with the hot air gun, and lift the components when they are all melted. If there are more components to be removed, try not to face the center of the components when blowing, and the time should be as short as possible. After the components are removed, use a soldering iron to clean the pads.