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STM maintenance method and classification
STM maintenance method and classification

STM maintenance method and classification


1. Daily maintenance: Clean the surface of the STM equipment every day; Let the STM equipment automatically warm up for at least 20 minutes every day when it is turned on; Check whether the movable parts are in good contact and whether the STM screws are loose; Clean the surface of each sensor;

2. Weekly maintenance Add lubricating oil to the movable part; check whether each suction nozzle is blocked and add liquid oil; check and clean the laser head and camera lens;

3. Monthly maintenance: Clean the head of the machine and replace the lubricating oil on the movable shaft; clean the dirt on the movable part; replace the lubricating oil on the X and Y axes; check whether the grounding wires are in good contact;

4. Annual maintenance Check whether the power contacts of the STM electric box are in good condition; check the wear and tear of the components of the equipment, and carry out replacement and maintenance.

The above is a summary of the daily, weekly, monthly, and annual maintenance of the placement machine. In order to make our equipment high-efficiency and high-quality output, we must do the maintenance work properly.

Talking about the classification characteristics of welding materials in SMT patch processing

pcb board

According to its components, solder in SMT chip processing can be divided into tin-lead solder, silver solder, and copper solder. According to the environmental humidity used, it can be divided into high-temperature solder (solder used under high temperature) and low-temperature solder (solder used under low temperature environment). In order to ensure the quality of soldering during patch processing, it is important to choose different solders depending on the object to be soldered. In the assembly of electronic products, tin-lead series solders, also called solders, are generally used.

Solder has the following characteristics:

       1. Good conductivity: Because tin and lead solder are good conductors, its resistance is very small.

       2. Strong adhesion to component leads and other wires, not easy to fall off.

  3. Low melting point: It can be melted at 180℃, and it can be welded with a 25W external heating type or 20W internal heating type electric soldering iron.

   4. It has certain mechanical strength: because the strength of tin-lead alloy is higher than that of pure tin and pure lead. In addition, due to the light weight of the electronic components, the strength requirements of the solder joints in the SMT patch are not very high, so the strength requirements of the solder joints can be met.

  5. Good corrosion resistance: The printed PCB that is welded can resist atmospheric corrosion without applying any protective layer, thereby reducing the process flow and reducing the cost.

Among   STM tin-lead solders, those with a melting point below 450°C are called soft solders. Anti-oxidation solder is the solder used in automated production lines in industrial production, such as wave soldering. When this liquid solder is exposed to the atmosphere, the solder is extremely easy to oxidize, which will cause false soldering, which will affect the quality of soldering. Therefore, adding a small amount of active metal to the tin-lead solder can form a covering layer to protect the solder from further oxidation, thereby improving the soldering quality.

   Because tin-lead solder is composed of two or more metals in different proportions. Therefore, the performance of the tin-lead alloy will change with the change of the STM tin-lead ratio. Due to different manufacturers, the configuration ratio of tin-lead solder is very different. In order to make the solder ratio meet the needs of soldering, it is important to choose a suitable ratio of tin-lead solder.

  The commonly used solder matching ratios are as follows:

  1, tin 60%, lead 40%, melting point 182℃;

  2, tin 50%, lead 32%, cadmium 18%, melting point 150℃;

  3, tin 55%, lead 42%, bismuth 23%, melting point 150℃.

       The shape of STM solder includes wafer, ribbon, ball, solder wire, etc. The commonly used STM solder wire contains solid flux rosin inside. There are many types of solder wire diameter, commonly used 4mm, 3mm, 2mm, 1.5mm and so on.