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About SMT patch processing process detection technology
About SMT patch processing process detection technology

About SMT patch processing process detection technology


      At present, the miniaturization of electronic products will inevitably make SMT components continue to develop in the direction of miniaturization. The pin spacing is now developing towards 0.1mm or even smaller sizes, and the wiring is becoming more and more dense. BGA/CSP/ The use of FC is also increasing, and SMA components are becoming more and more complex. All this puts forward very high requirements on the product quality inspection technology produced by SMT. This chapter introduces the detection methods of several major SMT products, the working principles and detection techniques of related detection equipment, and the corresponding improvement methods after lead-free. SMT technology is used in modern electronic assembly technology. The inspection technologies used mainly include manual visual inspection (MVl), automatic visual inspection (AVl), automatic optical inspection (A01), online circuit inspection (ICT), and automatic X-ray inspection (AXl). ), function test (FT), flying probe test (FP) and other methods.

      SAKI AOI appearance. Compared with other testing technologies, AOI can be used in multiple positions on the production line. At present, AOI is mainly used in 3 inspection processes: Welding defects caused by poor paste printing are minimized, and 100% 2D and 3D inspection methods are often used to detect the location and thickness of solder paste deposits. 2) Inspection after placement to check for defects generated during solder paste printing and placement. 3) Inspection after reflow welding, mainly to inspect the defects after welding.

      There are many forms of applying AOI technology in SMT, but the basic principle is the same, that is, the image of the measured object is obtained by optical means, and the illumination image of the detected object is generally obtained through a sensor (camera) and digitally processed. This method of comparison, analysis, inspection and judgment is equivalent to automatic and intelligent manual visual inspection.

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      The AOI system is a precision equipment involving multiple disciplines. According to technology, AOI system can be divided into four parts: precision machinery, electrical control, image processing (CCD camera or vision system) system, and software system. The main modules can also be divided into functions according to needs.

      1. Control system AOI's control system mainly completes: x, y precision workbench for m-level precision motion control, z-axis direction (CCD camera system) motion control, image acquisition, automatic positioning of PCB board, automatic control of vacuum solenoid valve, etc. Function. AOI's control system is composed of main control computer, motion control card, image card, I/O interface board, etc., realizes three-coordinate and peripheral I/O interface control, ensures the accuracy and rapid response of motion, and cooperates with mechanical and vision modules Realize the functions of the whole machine. The main control computer is the core of the entire control system, which realizes the functions of data collection and transmission, analysis and processing of the whole machine, and issues instructions to each part to complete the functions of mechanical transmission, image processing and detection. The motion control card mainly realizes the collection of three-coordinate motion control signals, transmission of various processing data, and action execution command functions. The image card is mainly to complete the image acquisition and conversion of the PCB board.

      2. CCD camera system module The CCD camera system is mainly composed of a camera, an image card, and an LED program-controlled light source. LED is a solid-state semiconductor device, called a light-emitting diode, which can directly convert electricity into light. The video image signal obtained by the camera is transmitted to the frame capture card, and the image capture card is controlled to complete the image capture. After the main control computer processes the captured video image, the result is returned to the main control program, and the image can be real-time through the display Observe and complete other corresponding control processes. In AOI's CCD camera system, the optical illumination is completed by the LED light source, and its main function is to control the switch, brightness and direction of the light source. The CCD camera system can perform functions such as real-time image acquisition, closing the acquisition, reading in images, and displaying images through the man-machine interface control system. When the man-machine interface system sends a job command, the CCD camera system realizes automatic scanning. The camera system can effectively identify PCB boards in various states.

      3. Precision mechanical system module When each PCB board is inspected, the workbench of the AOI system must automatically move to the camera position for image capture. Even if the program has set the data related to these actions, if the parameters of the machine are changed due to changes in the accuracy of the mechanical motion, etc., the correct detection process will not be completed. In order to realize the accurate operation of the precision workbench, the precision ball screw driven by the AC servo motor and the rolling linear guide rail are used to realize the closed loop control of the position.