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PCBA Tech
How to choose solder materials for SMT processing plants
PCBA Tech
How to choose solder materials for SMT processing plants

How to choose solder materials for SMT processing plants

2021-11-07
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Author:Downs

    What Tian Xiaobian wants to share with friends is how SMT chip processing plants choose solder materials. Fortunately, for SMT chip processing plants, lead-free solders are still not widely used in the circuit board industry, but there are various patented formulas. There are so many products that people have long been dazzled and confused. And all kinds of brands can't say that they can pick up their own good words, and it makes people like a king who does not know what to do? In a short period of time, I want to correctly evaluate the long-term variety of mass production from the results of a few simple experiments. Reliability, people don’t know what to do! The following are some recognized guidelines for lead-free solder selection:

PCBA processing

     ◆Nontoxic of lead-free solder (Nontoxic)

pcb board

     ◆The supply of lead-free solder is indispensable and the price is reasonable (Available and Affordable)

     ◆The plastic range of lead-free solder should be very narrow. Narrow Plastic Range (refers to tensile strength test)

     ◆The performance of lead-free solder (Acceptable Wetting)

     ◆The lead-free solder is a material that can be mass-produced (Material Manufacturable)

     ◆The manufacturing process temperature of lead-free solder is not too high and can be widely recognized (Acceptable Processing Temperature)

     ◆The solder joint reliability of lead-free solder is good (Form Reliable Joints)

      Generally meet these conditions and can replace the current Sn63/Pb37 alloy solder. In the past few years, PCB manufacturers have paid more attention to the following formulas:

        1. The tin-silver co-fusion gold Sn96.5/Ag3.5 of lead-free solder

The melting point of this two-phase alloy is 221℃. It has been used for many years in the ceramic hybrid board industry (Hybrid), and it is most favored by the American NCMS, Ford, Motolora, and Japanese TI and German researchers. It is considered to be the most suitable solder to replace Snb. . However, some American industry players believe that the Wetting during the fusion welding process (Ref1ow) is very poor, and it is difficult to achieve perfect quality. This is because the surface tension is too high when it is in a liquid state, which causes the contact angle (Contact Ang1e) to be too large, resulting in insufficient spreading properties (Spreadin g). However, the conductivity of this material is 30% higher than that of Sn63/Pb37, and the proportion is also lower than 12%. However, the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) is negatively higher than 20%.

      Two, lead-free solder tin and copper co-fusion gold Sn99.3/Cu0.7

      The melting point of this two-phase alloy is 227°C. The United States N O r t e 1 believes that its (wave soldering in nitrogen atmosphere) welding quality is almost on par with that of Sn63/Pb37 in telephone products. However, when soldering solder paste in general air, not only the wettability will be worse, but the solder joints will also appear rough and textured, and the mechanical strength is also quite good. It is almost listed in various categories. Lead-free solder is at the bottom of the list. However, because of the low price and the fact that oxidation is not easy to occur in the tin flow, and there is not much scum, N E M I of the United States believes that it is suitable for use in tin. When PCB manufacturers want to spray tin, this alloy should be a more suitable material.

      3. Lead-free solder tin-silver-copper eutectic alloy Sn/Ag/Cu

      The eutectic temperature of this most mainstream three-phase alloy is around 217℃ (Sn3.5 A g 0.9Cu). There are as many as seven or eight kinds of approximate formulas with different weight ratios. The slurry range is extremely narrow, which is the current PCB The manufacturer recognized the best combined lead-free solder and the most likely general standard solder.