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What are the basic principles of PCBA manufacturability design
What are the basic principles of PCBA manufacturability design

What are the basic principles of PCBA manufacturability design


PCBA design for manufacturability

1. Optimizing surface assembly and crimping components

Surface mount components and crimping components have good manufacturability. With the development of component packaging technology, most components can be purchased in packaging categories suitable for reflow soldering, including plug-in components that can be reflow soldered by through-holes. If the design can achieve full surface assembly, it will greatly improve the efficiency and quality of assembly. Crimping components are mainly multi-pin connectors. This type of package also has good manufacturability and connection reliability, and is also a preferred category.

2. Take the PCBA assembly surface as the object, and consider the package size and pin spacing as a whole

The biggest impact on the overall board manufacturability is the package size and pin spacing. Under the premise of selecting surface mount components, a set of packages with similar processability or a package suitable for solder paste printing on a certain thickness of stencil must be selected for PCBs of a specific size and assembly density. For example, for mobile phone boards, the selected packages are suitable for solder paste printing with 0.1mm thick steel mesh.

3. Shorten the process path

The shorter the process path, the higher the production efficiency and the more reliable the quality. The preferred process path design is:

Single-sided reflow welding;

Double-sided reflow welding;

Double-sided reflow soldering + wave soldering;

Double-sided reflow soldering + selective wave soldering;

Double-sided reflow welding + manual welding.

pcb board

4. Optimize the layout of components

Component layout design mainly refers to the layout and spacing design of components. The layout of the components must meet the requirements of the welding process. Scientific and reasonable layout can reduce the use of bad solder joints and tooling, and can optimize the design of steel mesh.

5. Consider the design of pads, solder mask and stencil windowing as a whole

The design of pads, solder mask and stencil windowing determines the actual distribution of solder paste and the formation process of solder joints. Coordinating the design of pad, solder mask and steel mesh has a great effect on improving the straight-through rate of welding.

6. Focus on new packages

The so-called new package does not completely refer to the packages that are newly available on the market, but to those packages that the company has no experience in using. For the introduction of new packages, small batch process verification should be carried out. Others can use it, it doesn't mean you can use it. The prerequisite for use must be to have done experiments, understand the process characteristics and problem spectrum, and master the countermeasures.

7. Focus on BGA, chip capacitors and crystal oscillators

BGA, chip capacitors and crystal oscillators are typical stress-sensitive components, and should be placed in places where PCB welding, assembly, workshop turnover, transportation, and use are prone to bending and deformation during layout.

8. Study cases to improve design rules

Design rules for manufacturability are derived from production practices. Continuous optimization and improvement of design rules based on the continuous occurrence of poor assembly or failure cases are of great significance for improving design for manufacturability.