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PCB Tech

antages and disadvantages of flexible circuit boards
2021-09-09
View:24
Author:Belle
  1. The advantages of flexible circuit boards


  1 flexibility


  A significant advantage of the application of flexible circuit boards is that it can be more easily routed and installed in three-dimensional space, and can also be rolled or folded for use. As long as it is curled within the allowable radius of curvature, it can withstand thousands to tens of thousands of times without being damaged.


  2 reduce the volume


  In the assembly and connection of components, the conductor cross-section of the flexible circuit board is thin and flat compared with the use of conductive cables, which reduces the size of the wire and can be formed along the casing, making the structure of the device more compact and reasonable, and reducing the size of the assembly. volume. Compared with rigid PCB, space can be saved by 60~90%.


  3 reduce weight


  In the same volume, the weight of a flexible PCB can be reduced by about 70% compared with a wire and cable at the same current carrying capacity. Compared with a rigid PCB, the weight can be reduced by about 90%.


  Consistency of 4 installations


  The flexible circuit board is used to install the connection, which eliminates errors when wiring with wires and cables. As long as the processing drawings are proofread and passed, all the winding circuits produced later will be the same. There will be no wrong connection when installing the cable.

flexible PCB

  5 increased reliability


  When a flexible PCB is used for assembly and connection, because it can be routed on the three planes of X, Y, and Z, the transfer interconnection is reduced, the reliability of the entire system is increased, and the inspection of faults is convenient.


  6 Controllability of electrical parameter design


  According to application requirements, designers can control capacitance, inductance, characteristic impedance, delay and attenuation when designing flexible PCBs. Can be designed to have the characteristics of a transmission line. Because these parameters are related to wire width, thickness, spacing, insulating layer thickness, dielectric constant, loss tangent, etc., it is difficult to do this when using wire cables.


  7 ends can be soldered as a whole


  The flexible circuit board, like a rigid PCB, has terminal pads, which can eliminate wire stripping and tinning, thereby saving costs. The terminal pads are connected to the components, devices, and plugs. Dip soldering or wave soldering can be used to replace the manual soldering of each wire.


  8  Material use is optional


  The flexible circuit board can be manufactured with different base materials according to different usage requirements. For example, polyester film can be used in assembly applications that require low cost. In demanding applications, excellent performance is required, and polyimide film can be used.

  9 low cost


  With flexible PCB assembly, the total cost can be reduced. This is because:


  1) Due to the consistency of the various parameters of the flexible PCB wires; the overall termination is implemented, which eliminates the errors and rework that often occur when the cable wires are installed and connected, and the replacement of the flexible PCB is more convenient.


  2) The application of flexible PCB simplifies the structural design, it can be directly adhered to the component, reducing the clamp and its fixing parts.

  3) For wires that need to be shielded, flexible PCBs are cheaper.


  10 Continuity of processing

  Since flexible foil-clad boards can be continuously supplied in rolls, continuous production of flexible PCBs can be realized. This also helps reduce costs.

  Second, the disadvantages of flexible circuit boards


  1 High one-time initial cost


  Since flexible circuit boards are designed and manufactured for special applications, the initial circuit design, wiring and photographic masters require relatively high costs. Unless there is a special need to apply a flexible PCB, it is usually best not to use it for a small number of applications.


  2 It is difficult to modify and repair flexible circuit boards


  Once the flexible circuit board is made, it must be changed from the base map or the programmed light drawing program, so it is not easy to change. The surface is covered with a protective film, which must be removed before repair and restored after repair, which is a relatively difficult task.


  3 Size is restricted


  When flexible circuit boards are not yet common, they are usually manufactured by batch process, so they cannot be made very long and wide due to the limitation of the size of the production equipment.


  4 Improper operation is easy to damage

  Improper operation of the assembly and connection personnel can easily cause damage to the flexible circuit, and its soldering and rework need to be operated by trained personnel.