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PCB Tech
Ten common defects in PCB board design process
PCB Tech
Ten common defects in PCB board design process

Ten common defects in PCB board design process

2021-11-11
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Author:Downs

PCB circuit board design has always been a link that electronics manufacturers attach great importance to, and the design of circuit boards needs to consider many factors, and design engineers often consider not so comprehensive. The following summarizes the ten major circuit board design process defects for reference:

1. The processing level is not clearly defined

  The single-sided board is designed on the TOP layer. If the front and back are not specified, it may be difficult to solder the board with components.

2. The large area of copper foil is too close to the outer frame

   The distance between the large area copper foil and the outer frame should be at least 0.2mm or more, because when milling the shape, if it is milled onto the copper foil, it will easily cause the copper foil to warp and cause the solder resist to fall off.

3. Draw pads with filling blocks

pcb board

Drawing pads with filler blocks can pass the DRC inspection when designing the circuit, but it is not good for processing. Therefore, similar pads cannot directly generate solder mask data. When the solder resist is applied, the filler block area will be covered by the solder resist, resulting in the device Difficulty in welding.

Fourth, the electrical ground layer is also a flower pad and a connection

Because it is designed as a flower pad power supply, the ground layer is opposite to the actual printed board image. All connections are isolated lines. When drawing several sets of power or ground isolation lines, you should be careful not to leave gaps so that the two sets A short-circuit of the power supply cannot cause the connection area to be blocked.

Five, random characters

   Character cover pad SMD soldering piece, which brings inconvenience to printed circuit board continuity test and component soldering. The character design is too small, making screen printing difficult, and too large will cause the characters to overlap each other and make it difficult to distinguish.

Sixth, the surface mount device pad is too short

This is for continuity testing. For too dense surface mount devices, the spacing between the two pins is quite small, and the pads are also quite thin. The test pins must be installed in staggered positions. For example, the pad design is too short. Affect the device installation, but will make the test pin staggered.

Seven, single-sided pad aperture setting

   Single-sided pads are generally not drilled. If the drilling needs to be marked, the hole diameter should be designed to be zero. If the value is designed, then when the drilling data is generated, the hole coordinates will appear at this position, and there will be a problem. Single-sided pads such as drilling should be specially marked.

Eight, the pad overlap

  During the drilling process, the drill bit will be broken due to multiple drilling in one place, resulting in hole damage. The two holes in the multi-layer board overlapped, and the negative film appeared as an isolation disk after drawing, resulting in scrap.

Nine, there are too many filler blocks in the PCB design or the filler blocks are filled with very thin lines

   The gerber data is lost and the gerber data is incomplete. Because the filling block is drawn with lines one by one during the light drawing data processing, the amount of light drawing data generated is quite large, which increases the difficulty of data processing.

X. Graphic layer abuse

   Some useless connections were made on some graphics layers. It was originally a four-layer board but with more than five layers of circuits designed, which caused misunderstandings. Violation of conventional design. The graphic layer should be kept intact and clear when designing.