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PCB Schematic

PCB Schematic

PCB Schematic

PCB Schematic

PCB schematic design

PCB schematic directly displays the structure and working principle of electronic circuits, so it is generally used in the design and analysis of circuits. When analyzing the circuit, we can understand the actual working principle of the circuit by identifying various circuit component symbols drawn on the circuit diagram and the connection mode between them. PCB schematic is a tool used to reflect the working principle of electronic circuit.


Do test, function test and maintenance in the electronics industry. If you can understand the PCB schematic of the product, you will get twice the result with half the effort, and the testability will be greatly improved, which can improve the production efficiency and delivery quality of the product. At present, it is mainly divided into digital circuit and analog circuit. The digital circuit is relatively simple, and the analog circuit is relatively difficult to understand and has a wide range.


PCB schematic includes or contains circuits with the following modules, so the circuit sub module analysis will be clearer. The main modules are:

1. Power supply circuit. In order for each circuit to work normally, there must be a normal power supply, so almost every circuit has a power supply circuit.

2. The control circuit is generally a digital circuit. For action and control, it includes MCU, FPGA, CPLD, DSP, etc. it is generally composed of digital circuits.

3. Signal circuit and general control circuit are control signal circuits that provide corresponding signals and measure corresponding signals. Therefore, signal circuits are generally analog circuits with driving circuits. Or relay circuit.

4. Communication circuit, communication circuit, theoretically speaking, is a part of the control circuit. Because these have some special communication protocols, they are specially listed, which are generally digital circuits.

5. Storage circuit is the storage function of some data. It is generally divided into serial and parallel. Now there are SPI, IIC and other memory.

6. Interface circuit, some input and output interface circuits, such as protective circuit, connector external circuit, etc.

The PCB schematic of the product is divided into several parts, and the approximate position of each part is analyzed carefully by module circuit. This will be much simpler than the whole PCB schematic.

PCB schematic

PCB schematic 

PCB schematic design software

From Protel to Altium

As long as you are engaged in electronics, you know Protel, just like you know the windows operating system as long as you use a computer, because many of its operating habits have been rooted in the hearts of electronic people. Protel is a CAD software for the circuit industry launched by port company (now Altium company) in the late 1980s. It is well deserved to be in front of many EDA software and is the preferred software for circuit designers.

From the original PCB design tool in DOS environment to the now powerful Altium designer, Altium has launched many different versions. As far as I know, there are many versions used as follows:

Protel99SE: although it is a very early version, many companies are still using it. We are using it. Even some companies only recognize this version of documents.

Protel2004sp4: in 2002, Altium released prteldxp. In addition to some enthusiasts who started to try early, some people still hold Protel99SE and some even now. However, after all, there are still many new functions that attract new users. When they have to change the version, many people may directly use the latest version of protel2004 at that time. In addition, the later version is no longer named after Protel, so many people take this version as a pretel Memorial. When opening new types of files that Protel99SE cannot open, All use this second stage classic version.

Altiumdesigner 6.8: in 2005, Altium officially released altiumdesigner 6.0. Since then, the era of Protel has ended. Until 2007, Altium designer 6.8 was released, which is the latest version at present. I believe many people haven't used it very much, but many people should try it first. It is said that the software integrates all the technologies and functions required for the integrated development of electronic products. It provides a unified application for electronic engineers and designers. It includes board system design, FPGA level system design, embedded software development based on FPGA and discrete processor, PCB layout, editing and manufacturing. And integrated into the modern design data management function. Previously released tools such as P-CAD were gradually integrated into altiumdesigner after 2006. However, I don't particularly agree with this approach. Circuit design mainly uses PCB schematic and PCB design.


Orcad and cadence

OrCAD is an EDA software launched by OrCAD company in the late 1980s. Many people are not unfamiliar with it. It is known as the best tool for drawing circuit schematic diagrams.

However, there is better news, that is, later, cadence acquired OrCAD, and then Orcad and Allego can also carry out interactive design. Therefore, many people use OrCAD (later called designentrycis) for schematic design and Allego for PCB layout design to achieve the best partner.

Of course, Orcad and Allego are not brothers after all. If they can be the best partners, there may be a running in period. Moreover, OrCAD also has the original brother PCB tool orcadrayout. Allego also has the original sibling schematic design tool designentryhdl. Some people even use OrCAD to draw schematic diagrams, generate network tables, and then use pretel to draw PCBs. In order to take into account the usage habits of many people, cadence has integrated all tools (excluding pretel) into an integrated environment. Users can use whatever they want.

Today, cadence calls these tools cadenceallegro system interconnection design platform, which mainly includes: designentrycis (OrCAD) schematic design tool, designentryhdl schematic design tool, allegropc editor printed circuit board design tool (Allegro for short), allegroams simulator simulation tool Allegropcbsi signal integrity analysis tool, etc. It is worth mentioning that cadence has done better in high-speed signal simulation. As we all know, with the increasing signal frequency and smaller volume of circuit board cards, not all circuit boards can work normally if they are connected correctly. Therefore, signal integrity analysis is becoming more and more necessary. Cadence provides many such tools, such as constraint manager in pcbedit, which can help users consider the integrity of signals to a great extent.

Cadence not only provides CadenceAllegro system interconnection design platform, but also provides IC design tools, and IC design will be a compulsory lesson for electronics engineers in the near future. Just as PCB boards are very common now, IC will be common in the future. For example, there are SMIC companies in Chinese mainland that can undertake such projects, but for ordinary users, It may only take a period of time.


PADS/PowerPCB

Although padpower appeared late and was not understood by the majority of users, it may be accepted by the majority of electronic circuit designers because it not only continues the characteristics of "powerful function and simple operation" of pads, but also has great improvement. It may be because it is closely related to PCB manufacturing. It has gradually become popular since powerpcb5.0. Therefore, many people know about powerpcb. I think it can be understood that the names of pads and powerpcb are somewhat inconsistent in different versions. The original pads series includes PowerLogic (PCB schematic tool), powerpcb (PCB tool), HyperLynx (signal analysis tool) and other main tools. At present, the latest version pads2007, which is widely used, includes main tools such as dxdesigner (Project Management), padlogic (schematic tool), padlayout (PCB tool), HyperLynx (signal analysis tool). Up to now, pads has indeed become a fully functional and powerful EDA software, whether from PCB schematic design, PCB design, high-speed signal analysis, or overall project management.