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Circuit board factory: OSP process description
2021-09-24
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Author:Aure

Circuit board factory: OSP process description


OSP is the abbreviation of Organic Solderability Preservatives. It is translated as Organic Solderability Preservatives in Chinese. It is also called copper protector. Simply put, OSP is to chemically grow a layer of organic film on the clean bare copper surface. This film has Anti-oxidation, thermal shock resistance, moisture resistance, to protect the copper surface of the circuit board from oxidation or sulfidation in a normal environment; but in the subsequent welding high temperature, this kind of protective film must be easily removed by the flux quickly , So that the exposed clean copper surface is immediately combined with the molten solder into a strong solder joint in a very short time.



Circuit board factory: OSP process description

1. Principle: An organic film is formed on the copper surface of the circuit board, which firmly protects the surface of fresh copper, and can also prevent oxidation and pollution at high temperatures. OSP film thickness is generally controlled within 0.2-0.5 microns.

2. Features: good flat surface, no IMC is formed between the OSP film and the copper of the circuit board pad, allowing direct soldering of the solder and the circuit board copper during soldering (good wettability), low-temperature processing technology, low cost (low cost) For HASL), less energy use during processing, etc. It can be used on both low-tech circuit boards and high-density chip packaging substrates.

3. Process flow: degreasing → washing → micro-etching → washing → pickling → pure water washing → OSP → pure water washing → drying.

4. OSP material types: Rosin, Active Resin and Azole. The OSP material used by Shenzhen Link Circuit is currently the most widely used azole OSP.

5. Insufficiency:

①The appearance inspection is difficult, and it is not suitable for multiple reflow soldering (generally three times are required);

②OSP film surface is easy to scratch

③High storage environment requirements;

④Short storage time;

6. Storage method and time: vacuum packaging for 6 months (temperature 15-35℃, humidity RH≤60%);

7. SMT site requirements:

①OSP circuit boards must be stored in low temperature and low humidity (temperature 15-35℃, humidity RH≤60%) and avoid exposure to acid-filled environments. OSP packaging must be assembled within 48 hours after unpacking;

②It is recommended to use it within 48 hours after the single-sided parts are used, and it is recommended to store in a low-temperature cabinet instead of vacuum packaging;

③It is recommended to complete DIP within 24 hours after the completion of both sides of SMT;

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